Zulu witch doctors: revered healers and protectors, with inyanga practicing natural medicine and isangoma communicating with ancestors, holding esteemed positions in South African society.
Mapuche culture: Kalku, malevolent sorceresses opposing Machi spiritual leaders; Kalku employ black magic and Anchimayen creatures to hinder the Machi's work, who fulfill religious duties in human form.
Filipino witchcraft (Kulam): mangkukulam sorceresses practice black magic for harm and community assistance, selling love potions, seeking revenge; residing on Siquijor and Samar islands, with rivalries against village witch doctors or healers.
Wiccans: nature-based worshipers practicing peaceful magic, rituals, and communication with goddesses; originated in 1950s England, celebrate lunar phases, solstices, equinoxes, and Samhain, influencing Halloween.
Obeah, blending Caribbean and West African magic like voodoo in Haiti, involves spiritual guidance, charms for personal benefit, communication, and divination, with potential for both positive and negative applications.
Mexican witchcraft: Santa Muerte, a sinister figure associated with magical superstition, depicted as a skull-masked woman, with statues used in cursing rituals and regarded as a deathly omen, channeling dark magic.
Witches in Romania faced taxation and penalties for incorrect predictions under a 2011 law, prompting a gathering of magical practitioners casting curses on the government and president.
Pygmies in Mbaïki, Central African Republic, face witchcraft accusations, leading to criminal charges, imprisonment, fines, and child referrals to Christian healing centers.
Saudi police combat witchcraft crimes, with dedicated units and bureaus, prosecuting hundreds of cases, targeting foreigners and non-Islamic religions, suggesting religious and racial motivations.