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How to Identify Gemstones: 10 Ways To Do

Check for the hardness using the Mohs scale

Look for the refractive index

Examine the gemstone's luster

Check the specific gravity

Test the gemstone's color and transparency

Use a magnifying glass or microscope to check for inclusions

Conduct thermal and electrical conductivity tests

Test the gemstone's reaction to UV light

Conduct a scratch test to identify the gemstone

Consult with a professional gemologist for identification..